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Documents concerning the interracial charter of the YWCA of the U.S.A., the history of their inclusive purpose and involvement in desegregation in the United States. The YWCA of the U.S.A. has, as a major part of its national mission, an inclusive approach to membership and programs. At the 1946 national convention the YWCA of the U.S.A. adopts the interracial charter, a document that confirms and expresses the interracial nature of the movement and calls for specific action. As racial tensions in the United States increase in the 1950's, the YWCA of the U.S.A. increases its attention to national and local racial climates issuing statements and letters affirming their support of the Supreme Court's school desegregation decision and in support of legislation enforcing desegregation. Articles and program materials provide background information on the YWCA of the U.S.A.'s involvement in race activism, clarify the role of the YWCA of the U.S.A. and local associations in desegregation and inclusivity and offer suggestions for local programming and actions to achieve better race relations. Additional documents include historical outlines of the YWCA of the U.S.A.'s work with African Americans and race inclusivity, brief outlines of state legislation concerning desegregation, proceedings from a conference on the role of local agencies in assisting their communities in desegregation and documents concerning the National Student YWCA's role in desegregation and race inclusivity.
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This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections. However, by agreement with the YWCA of the U.S.A., microdexes known to contain financial records or personal health information (usually on job applications) were not digitized and/or not published in our online repository as part of the CLIR Digitizing Hidden Collections grant. These microdexes may still be accessed on the original microfilm, and digital files may be made available to individual researchers upon request.
Use and Reproduction
To the extent that it owns copyright, YWCA of the USA has retained copyright in its works donated to Smith College, but has has authorized Smith College Special Collections to grant permission to publish reproductions or quotations from the records on its behalf. Copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, or which may regard materials in the collection not created by YWCA of the USA, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Interracial, Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History, MS 00324, Smith College Special Collections, Northampton, Massachusetts.