Documents concerning issues of race, civil rights and racism internal and external to the YWCA of the U.S.A. including black power, Apartheid in South Africa, a consultation on black leadership in the YWCA of the U.S.A., and integration and desegregation. In the 1960's the YWCA of the U.S.A. increases its push towards an integrated movement and public affairs platforms concerning civil rights through programming, education and activism. Though civil rights and racism have long been a part of their program, the sixties brings a renewed effort in part due to the social and political climate of the United States and from within the organization. One issue of global importance is the Apartheid in South Africa, an issue of particular concern to the National Student YWCA. Resolutions, letters of concern to organizations and leaders, clippings and correspondence from the National Student YWCA explain their concerns and goals, and seek to educate others about the issue. Domestically, the YWCA of the U.S.A. grapples with the Black Power movement and its role. The topic is explored here through papers, lectures, addresses and articles. Within the national movement and local associations the YWCA of the U.S.A. is focused on a fully integrated movement. This means representation in leadership, desegregated associations and understanding across all members. Minutes, reports and notes from the YWCA of the U.S.A. Consultation of Black Leadership document this gathering of leaders to explore the role and status of African American leadership in the organization, the need for further development and their role in the full integration of the national and local associations. In order to achieve local desegregation of associations, the YWCA of the U.S.A. issues a self audit guide, guiding principles and resolutions. Also included is the text of a speech by Dorothy Height titled, "Responsibility of YWCA for Desegregation, Integration and Civil Rights." To address interpersonal relationships during this time, dialogue groups are introduced to programs across the nation. These small group sessions encourage frank discussion in a safe space with the hope that intimate and real conversations will help ease racial divides and racism. The program is further explained in a handbook for leaders. Following these documents is a series of correspondence and reports concerning a situation with the Eastman Kodak Company in Rochester, New York and the company's ultimate agreement and plan to stimulate small business and economic growth in the town.
1 partial reel
The records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following accesptions: Portions of the physical papers are stored offsite. To access the microfilm reels and boxes 893-964 and 1061-1132, researchers must give two working days advance notice. Access to audiovisual materials may first require production of research copies.
To the extent that it owns copyright, the YWCA of the U.S.A. has retained copyright of the records in this group; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. In all other cases, YWCA of the U.S.A. has authorized the Sophia Smith Collection to grant permission to publish reproductions or quotations on its behalf. For materials in the collection not created by YWCA of the U.S.A., researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them if reqired by law. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with the use of those materials.
Interracial, Sophia Smith Collection, MS 324, Smith College Special Collections, Northampton, Massachusetts.
Box 4: Series 1; Series 2; Series 3, Reel 295